Guide type: Area Guide
08 October 2015
Photo credit: Top of wall in the foreground is from the Curtain Theatre whilst floor surface behind it belongs to later tenements © MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology)
Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors.
The Curtain Theatre takes its name from Curtain Close, the walled pasture in which the playhouse was built. It was an outdoor open air theatre, which would have been used to entertain the public during the summertime. It is thought to have held up to 1,000 people, although excavations of the site this year are set to find out more about the theatre’s composition.
Between the years 1597 and 1599 it was the main venue for Shakespeare’s plays until the Globe was officially completed in Southwark at the turn of the century. Records of its existence and use appear to date until 1622, however it is thought it remained there as late as the Civil War in the 1640s.
Shakespeare’s acting company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, used The Curtain Theatre to perform the playwright’s earlier works, including Romeo and Juliet, and Henry V - which is likely to have premiered here.
The plays by Christopher Marlowe, including his ‘Dr Faustus’, may well have been staged at the theatre, along with Thomas Kyd’s The Spanish Tragedy and Ben Jonson’s ‘Every Man in His Humour’ - a play in which Shakespeare acted.
The historical significance of The Curtain Theatre is huge, as it is believed to have the longest record of use of all of London’s Shakespearean playhouses.
All physical traces of the theatre disappeared centuries ago, making its exact location unknown. Now, as a result of the planned regeneration of Shoreditch, the discovery of Shakespeare’s original playhouse has reignited recognition of the playwright, as well as adding another element to Shoreditch’s already rich and abounding heritage.
Oscar-winning actor, Eddie Redmayne, who won a Critics’ Circle Theatre Award for his role as Richard II in 2011, said of the discovery: “With the Globe and The Rose having helped add such cultural vibrancy to the Borough, I’m excited to see what the exploration of this exceptional site will unearth and bring to this already brilliant area of the capital.”
This year, archaeologists from the Museum of London Archaeology (MOLA) will excavate the site prior to the construction of the brand new landmark development, The Stage.
The development will be built and designed around The Curtain Theatre, giving rise to its iconic name. Residents of the striking 37-storey development will be given easy access to the vibrant streets surrounding Shoreditch High Street, including two office buildings and retail accommodation within the development.
A theatrical atmosphere will continue to flow through the development as The Stage will incorporate the theatre with its very own purpose-built visitor centre.